FoHP : Shrubs

Here is a alphabetical list of the shrubs found in the Park, together with photos and brief descriptions. The image will have links to an album of images, and there are some we have yet to identify


Image (Click for album) Description
Actinidia kolomikta Actinidia kolomikta This is a relative of the Kiwi fruit . It deciduous dioecious climber with large dark green leaves tinged with purple and often variegated in the apical half of the leaf. The clusters of creamy white, fragrant flowers are hidden beneath the leaves and are attractive to bees. It was first collected from Hokkaido, Japan, by Charles Maries for the Veitch Nurseries in Chelsea in 1878. Its natural habitat is woodland. THe known pests include cats.
Berberis darwinii Berberis darwinii This is a genus of some 450 species and many garden cultivars in the Rosaceae. B darwinii, with its holly like leaves, comes from Chile and Argentina
Berberis gangepaini Berberis gagnepainii This may be a garden hybrid rather than the species, but the species comes from Western China (Hubei) and as introduced in 1904
Box, Buxus sempervivens Box Box is a small glossy green evergreen tree, native to the British Isles. It’s wood is prized for making musical wind instruments.
Burning Bush, Euonymus alatus Burning Bush Another member of the Spindle family, this dense bushy deciduous shrub originates from China and Japan. It has small purplish fruit with orange arils but its claim to fame is the wonderful autumn colour.
Butcher's Broom, Ruscus aculeatus Butchers Broom This spiky shrub is a British native, widespread over southern England but nowhere common. The spiky ‘ leaves’ are in fact flattened stems or cladodes, and the inconspicuous 6 petalled flowers of cream and lilac are borne in the middle of these. They produce large round green fruit which turns red when ripe. It has an underground stem and will form a dense impenetrable thicket. It is a member of the lily family. Fls 1-4
Cherry laurel, Prunus laurocerasus Cherry Laurel A vigorous, dense, glossy leaved, evergreen shrub producing upright spikes of cup shaped, scented, white flowers in mid spring. The fruits are red, maturing to black. It originates from Eastern Europe and S.W. Asia. Fl 3-4
Eleagnus x ebbingei Eleagnus These silvery leaved shrubs produce small white scented flowers in autumn. Most species come from Asia ( China, Japan, Korea) but a few are found in the Himalayas to Southern Europe and North America. The cultivars are often salt resistant and used for hedging in coastal towns.
Escallonia "Apple Blossom" Escallonia Escallonia is a South American genus of evergreen shrubs and small trees originating from the Andes. This is a garden cultivar, but I cannot find it's origin
Euonymus fortunei Euonymus fortunei The identification of this is doubtful, but the cultivars of fortunei are often low shrubby plants prone to spreading or climbing, and are frequently pale green with silvery margins.
Flowering Currant, Ribes sanguineum Ribes sanguineum A spineless deciduous currant from Western North America by David Douglas ( of Douglas Fir fame) in the first decades of the 19th Century. Douglas died while climbing Mauna Kea in Hawaii at the age of 35 in 1834. He apparently fell into a pit trap and was possibly crushed by a bull that fell into the same trap. Isn't Wikepedia wonderful ? Fl 3-4
Forsythia x intermedia Forsythia A genus of about 7 species of deciduous shrub found in open woodland in east Asia, wityhone species in S.E. Europe. This is most probalbly the garden hybrid (F. suspensa x F. viridissima), a deciduous shrub familiar to everyonewith its bright yellow four petalled flowers in early spring.
Fragrant Snowball, Viburnum x carlcephalum VIburnum A sweetly scented, deciduous viburnum of garden origin ( V. macrocephalum, the Snowball tree, and V. carlesii from Japan and Korea). Fls 3-4
Fuchsia   We have two garden varieties of these favourite shrubs. Fuchsias were discovered in the Caribbean in 1697, and the 160 species occur in South America and north to Mexico, with a few species in New Zealand and the Pacific Islands. F. magellanica has naturalised in South West Britain. There are large numbers of garden varieties.
Guelder Rose, Viburnum opulus   A native deciduous shrub, with sycamore like leaves and flat ‘lace-cap’ heads of creamy white flowers. The fruits are bright red. It is now subject to attack by the Viburnum Beetle, (Pyrrhalta viburni). The Viburnum beetle is a serious pest of several species of viburnum. The larvae attack the leaves, causing severe defoliation of plants. Adult beetles also eat the leaves.
Himalayan Honeysuckle, Leycesteria formosa. Himalayan Honeysuckle From W. China and the Himalayas, this attractive bush has pendulous spikes of pale pinkish cream flowers set in dark purple bracts. Later it produces red-purple berries. It is a relative of Honeysuckle.
Hydrangea, Hydrangea macrophylla   This species has produced many garden cultivars and we have a fine purple lace cap at the entrance to the park and a couple of places elsewhere.
Japanese Spindle, Euonymus japonica. Japanese Spindle A glossy leaved shrub with inconspicuous flowers and pinkish fruit opening in December to reveal scarlet seeds. There are many garden varieties and though ours is distinctive with bright yellow and dark green leaves, we have not been able to identify it yet.
Kiwi Fruit, Actinidia deliciosa   A vigorous deciduous, dioecious fruiting vine originating fruit originating from southern China introduced by an agent for the Royal Horticultural Society in 1847. It was introduced into New Zealand in the early 20th Century and fruiting by 1910.China, Italy and New Zealandare the main exporters.
Magnolia stellata Magnolia stellata Native to the island of Honshu in Japan this was introduced to the USA in 1862 and to the UK in 1878 for the Veitch Nurseries in Chelsea. Many cultivars are now grown and propagated from root cuttings. Fl 3-4
Magnolia sp.   The 125 species of magnolia are found naturally in woodland, scrub and riverbanks. Their range extends from the Himalayas to East and South East Asia and Central and South America. Many are deciduous with a bush or small tree form and goblet shaped flowers. There are also a large number of hybrids and varieties of garden origin and we have yet to find out which one this is. Fl 3-4
Mahonia x media ( M. Japonica x M. Lomarifolia) Mahonia x media This is the largest of the Mahonias commonly grown in Britain. It is a garden hybrid between two Chinese species. It will grow 5 m high with mostly upright spikes of scented yellow flowers produced around Christmas time and blue berries in summer. Related species occur in North America, hence the common name Oregon Grape. Mahonia is closely related to Berberis. FL 11-1
Mahonia pumila Mahonia pumila A North American species from California and Oregon, this is a low, dense suckering shrub with dense clusters of yellow flowers in spring. Mahonia is closely related to Berberis. Fl 3-4
Mexican mock orange, Choisya arizonica   This distinctive member of the Rutaceae, which includes Rue and Citrus families, comes from the rocky slopes and canyons of s.w. US. and Mexico. It is characterised by its palmate, yellow aromatic leaves and clusters of fragrant white star-shaped flowers.
Mock Orange, Philadelphus coronarius   A member of the Hydrangaceae, P. coronarius is native to southern Europe. Most of the members of the family (about 60 spp) are found in North and Central Americ. THey are characterised by heavily scented star shaped white flowers in spring. We seem to have
Oregon Plum, Oemleria cerasiformis UD-1 A deciduous, dioecious shrub from western North America, its leaves appear in late winter. It can sucker and form a dense thicket. Small, creamy white, almond scented flowers appear in clusters in early spring. Male and female plants are separate and we need the other sex to accompany this one and produce edible fruit.
Osmanthus, Osmanthus fragrans Osmanthus fragrans A relative of the Olive, Osmanthus is a family of 15 or so species of evergreen small tree or shrub, originating from the Himalayas and Southern China and Japan ( one species in USA). Wonderfully fragrant it is usedto flavour tea and sweets and the wine is used at family reunions. Ours could be x burkwoodii. Fl 2-4
Persian Ironwood, Parrotia persica Persian ironwood A dense spreading short trunked tree with grey brown bark and glossy green leaves which turn red and orange in autumn, this small tree, growing to 8 m comes from northern Iran and the north Caucasus and was introduced in 1841. Its flowers are tiny, born in clusters before the leaves appear. It is related to the Witch Hazel, Hammamelis. Fl 1-2.
 Philadelphus 'Dainty Lady'  Philadelphus The genus Philadelphus, the Mock Orange, comes from Eastern Europe to Asia, and Central and Southern America. They are generally deciduous and cultivated for their strongly scented flowers. There are many garden hybrids, and this is probably Dainty Lady.
Privet, Ligustrum vulgare, Ligustrum ovalifolium Privet L. vulgare is a frequent native in Britain. It used to be planted for hedging but has generally been supplanted by L. ovalifolium which is retains its leaves better, and has a bright yellow variety. L. ovalifolium originates from Japan.
Portuguese laurel, Prunus lusitanica Portuguese laurel Very similar to the cherry laurel, but the petioles are usually reddish, and the leaves darker green, the flowering spikes are upright to spreading or pendant, and it flowers in early summer rather than mid spring. It originates form the Iberian Peninsula. Fl 5-6
Skimia, Skimia x confusa Skimia A genus of 4 species of small, scented, evergreen shrubs and trees from the Himalayas east to China, Japan and SE asia. They are curious in that they are doiecious ( sexes on separate plants) monoecious, ( sexes on the same plant) or hermaphrodite ( flowers with both male and female plants) There are various named male and female clones and ours is a male clone, probably x confusa
Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus   This is a bit of a thug if left untended. There are 15 species of these semi-deciduous members of the Honeysuckle family, all but one native to central and North America. They have opposite, oval somewhat purple tinted leaves, small pinkish-white flowers and clusters of white, pink or red fruit. They will grow in almost any condition and form dense thickets.
Spotted Laurel, Aucuba japonica. Spotted Laurel

A member of the Cornus family these species can grow in full shade, polluted atmospheres, and are salt tolerant. They can’t take waterlogging and will turn black as if burnt. They are dioecious, (male and female flowers on different plants) and have small purple flowers in spring. Fl 3-4

Sweet Box, Sarcococca confusa, S. hookeriana Sarcococca confusa Natives of China and related to Box, these are two species of sweetly scented winter flowering evergreen shrubs producing black glossy berries in summer, S. hookeriana having whiter flowers and more lanceolate leaves than S. confusa. Fl 12-3
Sweet Box, S. hookeriana Sarcoccoca hookeriana As above, S. hookeriana having whiter flowers and more lanceolate leaves than S. confusa. Fl 12-3
Viburnum plicatum Viburnum plicatum The tiered, flattened flowerheads of this Viburnum make a wonderfully architectural show. It originates from Taiwan and Japan, Fl 3-4
Viburnum rhytidophyllum   From China, this vigorous evergreen shrub is characterised by deeply veined glossy green leaves, 20 cm long. It produces dense, domed heads of creamy white flowers in spring with ovoid red fruit ripening to black.
Viburnum tinus Viburnum tinus A compact evergreen shrub with narrowly ovate glossy leaves, 10 cm long, the small flowers are in compact heads and produced over the winter and early spring. It originates from the Mediterranean and many garden varieties have been produced. Fl 2-4
Wedding Cake Tree, Cornus controversa variegata Wedding Cake This small tree ( to 8 m) is native to China, the Himalayas and Korea and Japan and was introduced in the 1880's. It rarely grows more than 3 m high and is not commonly planted. Characterised by itls layered shape, it may produce black berries in autumn. It is a dogwood, and there are others of the family in the park
Winter Honeysuckle, Lonicera fragrantissima   This shrub produces pairs of small creamy white very fragrant flowers in winter. It forms a bush to two or three metres high and is partly deciduous. It originates from China. Fls 1-3
Wintersweet, Chimonanthus praecox Wintersweet A much branched winter flowering deciduous shrub, it produces highly scented pendent bowl shaped flowers of pale yellow-green and purple. It originates in China. Fls 12-2