FoHP : Birds

Here is a alphabetical list of the shrubs found in the Park, together with photos and brief descriptions. The image will have links to an album of images


Image Description
Berberis spp.   This is a genus of some 450 species and many garden cultivars in the Rosaceae. They generally have long shoots with leaves modified into spines and in th3 axils of these leaves are short shoots, with clusters of flowers and leaves. Identification of these is difficult and we await specialist identification.
Box, Buxus sempervivens   Box is a small glossy green evergreen tree, native to the British isles. It’s wood is prized for making musical wind instruments.
Butcher's Broom, Ruscus aculeatus   This spiky shrub is a British native, widespread over southern England but nowhere common. The spiky ‘ leaves’ are in fact flattened stems or cladodes, and the inconspicuous 6 petalled flowers of cream and lilac are borne in the middle of these. They produce large round green fruit which turns red when ripe. It has an underground stem and will form a dense impenetrable thicket. It is a member of the lily family.
Cherry laurel, Prunus laurocerasus   A vigorous, dense, glossy leaved, evergreen shrub producing upright spikes of cup shaped, scented, white flowers in mid spring. The fruits are red, maturing to black. It originates from Eastern Europe and S.W. Asia.
Eleagnus x ebbingei   These silvery leaved shrubs produce small white scented flowers in autumn. Most species come from Asia ( China, Japan, Korea) but a few are found in the Himalayas to Southern Europe and North America. The cultivars are often salt resistant and used for hedging in coastal towns.
Euonymus fortunei   The identification of this is doubtful, but the cultivars of fortunei are often low shrubby plants prone to spreading or climbing, and are frequently pale green with silvery margins.
Fuchsia   We have two garden varieties of these favourite shrubs. Fuchsias were discovered in the Caribbean in 1697, and the 160 species occur in South America and north to Mexico, with a few species in New Zealand and the Pacific Islands. F. magellanica has naturalised in South West Britain. There are large numbers of garden varieties.
Guelder Rose, Viburnum opulus   A native deciduous shrub, with sycamore like leaves and flat ‘lace-cap’ heads of creamy white flowers. The fruits are bright red. It is now subject to attack by the Viburnum Beetle, (Pyrrhalta viburni). The Viburnum beetle is a serious pest of several species of viburnum. The larvae attack the leaves, causing severe defoliation of plants. Adult beetles also eat the leaves.
Himalayan Honeysuckle, Leycesteria formosa.   From W. China and the Himalayas, this attractive bush has pendulous spikes of pale pinkish cream flowers set in dark purple bracts. Llater it produces red-purple berries. It is a relative of Honeysuckle.
Hydrangea, Hydrangea macrophylla   This species has produced many garden cultivars and we have a fine purple lace cap at the entrance to the park and a couple of places elsewhere.
Japanese Spindle, Euonymus japonica.   A glossy leaved shrub with inconspicuous flowers and pinkish fruit opening in December to reveal scarlet seeds. There are many garden varieties and though ours is distinctive with bright yellow and dark green leaves, we have not been able to identify it yet.
Mahonia x media ( M. Japonica x M. Lomarifolia)   This is the largest of the Mahonias commonly grown in Britain. It is a garden hybrid between two Chinese species. It will grow 5 m high with mostly upright spikes of scented yellow flowers produced around Christmas time and blue berries in summer. Related species occur in North America, hence the common name Oregon Grape. Mahonia is closely related to Berberis
Mahonia pumila   A North American species from California and Oregon, this is a low, dense suckering shrub with dense clusters of yellow flowers in spring. Mahonia is closely related to Berberis.
Mexican mock orange, Choisya arizonica   This distinctive member of the Rutaceae, which includes Rue and Citrus families, comes from the rocky slopes and canyons of s.w. US. and Mexico. It is characterised by its palmate, yellow aromatic leaves and clusters of fragrant white star-shaped flowers.
Persian Ironwood, Parrotia persica   A dense spreading short trunked tree with grey brown bark and glossy green leaves which turn red and orange in autumn, this small tree, growing to 8 m comes from northern Iran and the north Caucasus and was introduced in 1841. Its flowers are tiny, born in clusters before the leaves appear. It is related to the Witch Hazel, Hammamelis.
Privet, Ligustrum vulgare, Ligustrum ovalifolium   L. vulgare is a frequent native in Britain. It used to be planted for hedging but has generally been supplanted by L. ovalifolium which is retains its leaves better, and has a bright yellow variety. L. ovalifolium originates from Japan.
Portuguese laurel, Prunus lusitanica   Very similar to the cherry laurel, but the petioles are usually reddish, and the leaves darker green, the flowering spikes are upright to spreading or pendant, and it flowers in early summer rather than mid spring. It originates form the Iberian Peninsula.
Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus   This is a bit of a thug if left untended. There are 15 species of these semi-deciduous members of the Honeysuckle family, all but one native to central and North America. They have opposite, oval somewhat purple tinted leaves, small pinkish-white flowers and clusters of white, pink or red fruit. They will grow in almost any condition and form dense thickets.
Spotted Laurel, Aucuba japonica.   A member of the Cornus family these species can grow in full shade, polluted atmospheres, and are salt tolerant. They can’t take waterlogging and will turn black as if burnt. They are dioecious, (male and female flowers on different plants) and have small purple flowers in spring.
Sweet Box, Sarcococca confusa, S. hookeriana   :Natives of China and related to Box, these are two species of sweetly scented winter flowering evergreen shrubs producing black glossy berries in summer, hookeriana having whiter flowers and more lanceolate leaves than S. confusa.
Viburnum rhytidophyllum   From China, this vigorous evergreen shrub is characterised by deeply veined glossy green leaves, 20 cm long. It produces dense, domed heads of creamy white flowers in spring with ovoid red fruit ripening to black.
Viburnum tinus   A compact evergreen shrub with narrowly ovate glossy leaves, 10 cm long, the small flowers are in compact heads and produced over the winter and early spring. It originates from the Mediterranean and many garden varieties have been produced.
Winter Honeysuckle, Lonicera fragrantissima   This shrub produces pairs of small creamy white very fragrant flowers in winter. It forms a bush to two or three metres high and is partly deciduous. It originates from China.
Wintersweet, Chimonanthes praecox   A much branched winter flowering deciduous shrub, it produces highly scented bowl shaped flowers of pale yellow-green and purple. It originates in China.